Backyard Composting
Compost Happens Naturally!

Four R's of Composting:

  1. REDUCE: Composting reduces your generation of trash

  2. REUSE: You can reuse the compost in your yard.

  3. RECYCLE: Compost recycles nutrients back into
    soil and plant life.

  4. RESTORE: Increased plant growth helps to
    restore the health and beauty of our neighborhoods.

How do you make Compost?

  1. Collect grass clippings, leaves, pine cones, yard trimmings etc.

  2. Chip or shred tree branch clippings.

  3. Food scraps from the kitchen like vegetable trimmings, lettuce leaves, carrot tops, ground
    egg shells, orange peelings, banana peelings etc.

  4. Place all the above items in layers into a pile for composting.

Heap Pile:

Nature's Way of Composting
   Heap pile composting is a simple method whereby materials are piled on top of each other directly on the ground. Materials can be added at any time or stockpiled until good enough material is collected to make a good-size pile.
   A small heap tends to remain at a lower temperature and the heating process will be hindered. So, if possible build a pile at least 6'x6' and preferably larger. A pile 5'-6' tall in the middle is ideal for decomposition. Once the heap is large enough,
     Compost happens!

What is compost?

   Compost is a mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer. It is the natural process of decomposition and recycling of organic material into a rich soil amendment.
   We can observe the process of composting by walking through a lush forest and scooping up a layer of fallen leaves under a huge tree. The top layers are recognizable as leaves, twigs and needles. But below these are last season's leaves, which have been transformed into rich crumbly soil. We call this process decomposition, and it has been occurring for millions of years.

Is composting considered recycling?

Yes. Composting is nature's way of recycling.

How does composting benefit the soil?

   Compost improves soil structure, texture, and aeration as well as increasing its water-holding capacity. Compost loosens clay soils and helps sandy soils retain water. Adding compost to soils aids in erosion control, promotes soil fertility, and stimulates healthy root development in plants

What does ready-to-use compost look like?

   Compost is dark brown or black, crumbly, humus-rich topsoil, with a sweet aroma of good EARTH. It is perfect for potting soil.

How long does it take to produce compost?

   The composting process can take as little as one month or as long as 12-24 months. Factors include techniques used, seasonal temperatures, the balance of brown and green materials and moisture levels.

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